Introduction to HTML

HTML is short for “Hypertext Markup Language”. HTML was developed in the year 1990 by a scientist called Tim Berners-Lee.


HTML is a language, which makes it possible to present information on the Web. What you will get when you see a page on the web is your browser’s interpretation of HTML.

HTML separates Content (like text, audio, video, image etc.) from Presentation. It uses a pre-defined set of elements to identify content type. Elements contain one or more tags that contain or express contents.

HTML tags are keywords that does not visible within a web page that define how the browser must format and display the content.

Most tags must have two parts, an opening tag and a closing tag. For example, While writing any program <html> is the opening tag and </html> is the closing tag. Remember that the closing tag has the same text as the opening tag, but has an additional forward-slash (/) character. I tend to interpret this as the “end” or “close” character.

The start tag may also contain additional data. Such data is called an attribute. Attributes generally consist of 2 parts:

  • An attribute name
  • An attribute value

There are some tags that are an exception over this rule, & where a closing tag is not required. The <img> tag for showing images is one example of this.

There are four basic sets of HTML tags that form the basic structure needed for every HTML file:

  • <html></html>
  • <head></head>
  • <title></title>
  • <body></body>

Every web page is actually a HTML file which is made up of many HTML tags as well as the content for a web page.

Rajat Jain

Rajat Jain

Software Engineer at Aadi IT Services
After the completion of my bachelors degree from renowned university of India. I have gathered total experience of 2.5 Years from IT industry till date. I am a certified Salesforce Developer (Dev-401). Currently, I am associated with Aadi IT Services and working on various technologies. I love to share my knowledge with the world. So, I thought to become a part of Techsharepoint and expand the reach of my knowledge.
Rajat Jain

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